Oyo state is among the thirty-six state in Nigeria. It is located in the south western Nigeria, West Africa. It border kwara state to the north, Osun state to the east, Ogun state to the south and Republic of Benin to the west. It was created in February 1976. The total population of Oyo is 5,580,894 as at 2006 population. Oyo cover total Area of 28,454 km² (10,986 sq m). The state has some tropical rainforest in the south around Ibadan, but is covered mostly by derived savanna that is largely the result of burning and clearing the former forest cover to provide land for building and cultivation. The landscape consists of old hard rock and dome shaped hills, which rise gently from about 500 meters in the southern region and reaching a height of about 1,219 meters above the sea level in the northern region.
The economy of Oyo is based majorly on agricultural and handicrafts. Agricultural product include yam,corn,plantain, tobacco, cocoa, palm oil, millet, cassava, palm kernels and kola nuts. The state is also know for it cottage industries, consisting of cotton spinning, weaving dying, leather working (goat skins and sheep) wood craving and mat making.
They are thirty-three local local government in Oyo state.
The capital of Oyo State is Ibadan and this city is the most populous city in Oyo state it is also the largest city in Nigeria in terms of geographical sizes with total population of 3,649,000 by 2021 census and Area of 3,080 km² (1,190 sq mi). The city elevation varies from 150m in the valley area to 275m above the sea level on the major north south ridge which crosses the central part of the city. The city is naturally endowed with four river with many tributaries.
- Ogunpa River
- Ona Rii
- Ogbere River
- Lake Eleyele
Ibadan is the site of Nigeria first skyscrapper Cocoa house and at the same time it is the site of Nigeria first university and first television station in Africa. The city is surrounded by seven hills oke padre, oke Ado, oke bola, oke mapo, oke mokola, oke sabo.
Ibadan had been the center of administration of the old western Region since the days of the British.
Education aspect of Oyo state.
The education program remain the same with the country own which is primary sector (6 years cycle) secondary sectors (6 years cycle) and the university program.
Secondary Schools in Oyo state
- St Anne’s School Ibadan.
- St Bernadine School Oyo.
- Queen School Ibadan.
- Methodist High School.
- Olivet Height Oyo.
- Lagalu Grammar School.
- Government College Ibadan.
- Wesley College Ibadan.
- Loyola College.
Tertiary Institutions in Oyo
- University of Ibadan.
- Ajayi crowther University.
- Lead City University.
- Federal college of forestry Ibadan.
- Ladoke Akintola University.
- Oyo college of education.
- Koladaisi university.
- Nigeria institute of science laboratory technology.
Tourist Attraction in Oyo
- Agodi Garden
- University of Ibadan zoo
- Odua’s museum and Hall of fame
- Bower Tower
- Idere Hill.
- Ado Awaye mountain and suspended lake
- Topfat Art Gallery
- The residence of the notable traditional ruler ( oba of Oyo and Ogbomoso).
The first skyscraper in Nigeria Cocoa house was built during the regime of Chief Awolowo government, who was the premier of the defunct western staof Nigeria. This building was built for the sole purpose of cocoa processing, because it is the major export from Nigeria south west at that time. It was commissioned for use on 5 August 1965 and was the tallest building in Africa at that time.
AGODI GARDEN: Agodi botanical garden is an exquisite flora enclave garden in the center of Ibadan the scenery and calm garden has mini zoo, water park, lush garden and different type of vegetation. It has unique facilities such as swimming pool, play ground for children and space for picnic. The garden is open to visitors throughout the week.
Ethnic group in Oyo state
The major inhabitants of Oyo is the Yoruba people as well various communities (Igbo, hausa, and Efik) from other part of the country.
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